The present study is supported by Korea Health Industry Development Institute (한국보건산업진흥원) and it seeks to develop and validate “Smart Brain”, a game application for enhancing the executive functioning of children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders.
Neurodevelopmental disorders are disorders that exhibit abnormalities related to brain functioning, such as cerebrospinal functioning. They also include intellectual disability, learning disability, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Children and Adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders have difficulties adapting across domains. Based on previous studies, researchers have also found that their quality of life was related to executive functioning (Happé, Booth, Charlton, & Hughes, 2006; Zimmerman, Ownsworth, O’Donovan, Roberts, & Gullo, 2018). Moreover, it has been shown that training executive functioning at an earlier age results in greater improvement (Robertson & Murre, 1999) and that having an effective reinforcement system motivates the adolescent, increase his or her interest, and encourages him or her to use it more. Based on these notions, the current study seeks to develop an application that includes gaming components that is specifically targeted for the children and adolescents.