As a parent of a child, a certain amount of responsibility and burden is unavoidable when carrying out such parental duties and everyone is subject to this type of stress, the only difference being the level of perception that one experiences. However, a fraction of these adults experience levels of extreme stress (Crininc & Greenberg, 1990) that is detrimental to their physical and psychological health.
Domestically, PSI is the most frequently used tool to assess parental stress level for those with children aged between one to twelve. Although this revised 2012 edition has added an age-specific criterion of 1056 subjects from 2007, the fact that this study was conducted in the United States limits the scope of implementation here in Korea. Other devices for measuring parental stress levels include the Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents (SIPA) developed by Sheras, Abidin and Konold (1998). This includes the developmental characteristics of adolescents, but due to the fact that the effects of cultural differences have not yet been verified, it is not being widely used in Korea at the moment.
Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a Korean version of both the Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents (SIPA) and the fourth PSI edition that measures the stress levels of parents raising young children. Standardizing the SIPA and fourth edition of the SDI, which is for measuring the stress levels of Korean parents raising children and adolescents, will prove to be useful in clinical assessments and treatments in addition to other areas such as cross-cultural studies etc.