Standardization Study of the Korean Version of Stress Index for Parents of Adolescent

In this study, the Korean-Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents(K-SIPA) was developed by translating the Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents(SIPA), and standardization was carried out. All the items were translated by 3-step translation process, and finally completed through consultation from experts and parents. 942 parents of typically developing adolescents (age range: 11 to 19 years) answered health-related questionnaire, K-SIPA, Parental Confidence Questionnaire for child, and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36). After 2-4 weeks, parents who agreed in advance answered K-SIPA retest, Korean-Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6-18(K-CBCL 6-18), Patient Health Questionnaire 9(PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7(GAD-7). In order to develop the norms, K-SIPA score differences between demographic factors of adolescents and parent were analyzed. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were calculated to verify the reliability. K-SI*PA was administered to parents of adolescents with mental disorder and parents of typically developing adolescents in order to verify discriminant validity. Concurrent validity was verified by conducting correlation analysis between K-SIPA and other measures, and by analyzing differences in parental confidence according to the level of parenting stress. Convergent validity was confirmed by correlation analysis between subscales and domains of K-SIPA. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to identify the factor structure of K-SIPA along the structure of SIPA. The results confirmed that K-SIPA was psychometrically reliable and valid tool for parenting stress. Finally, the implications and limitations of this standardization study were discussed.