Hypospadias has been reported to cause diverse psychosocial and sexual behavior problems (Sandberg et al., 2001; Schonbucher, Landolt, Gobet & Weber, 2008). Specifically, androgen plays an important role in the development of sexual organs and sexual brain differentiation in the womb and may even induce sex-dimorphism behaviors by influencing brain development (Sandberg et al., 1995). It has been hypothesized that since hypospadias is due to abnormal prenatal exposure to sex hormones, those with the disorder may display untypical psychosexual developmental patterns (Sandberg et al., 1989). There are only limited studies that focus on sex-role behaviors and sexual identity development as previous studies focused more on sexual function or heterosexual behaviors among adult participants.
Futhermore, a previous six year follow up study found that children with hypopadias show different sex-role behaviors as grown ups. This finding demonstrates that socialization influences sex-role behaviors and the need to research longitudinal follow up study. The present study aims to recruit children with hypospadias, from ages from 3 to 6, and their parents to explore sex-role behaviors by using direct toy play observations and parent-reported questionnaires.
Dong Hyun, OH : firstname.lastname@example.org